The oldest tea set in history is about to push clay potatoes, similar to today's Sichuan and Yunnan roasted tea pots, which can be used both for tea making and for decoration. Although the simple shape, but heavy and rough. Since the Western Han Dynasty glazed pottery has emerged, the appearance of bright and smooth, and colorful, the early emergence of the artistic tea. When the Tang Dynasty, mainly ceramic tea sets, while aristocrats, rich also appeared in gold, silver, copper, tin and other metal tea sets. Song Dynasty "fighting tea" with tea, black glaze-based. During the Yuan dynasty, there were more green and white glazed tea sets, and there appeared the purple sand pot in the mid Ming Dynasty. To the Qing Dynasty, Guangzhou Zhijin Choi porcelain, Fuzhou bodiless lacquer and other tea have come out. In modern times, there are glass tea sets and enamel tea sets. The tea plantations in our country have a total total of thousands of demeanor, colorful tea art.
The relationship between tea sets and tea is very close.
Tang and Song dynasty tea method is to steamed fresh leaves, made by crushing the cake, and then string drying, called "tea cake" or "cake tea." Tea by the tea people will be crushed cake crumble (also known as the end of the tea) on the pan boiling, so that full penetration of tea and then drink, so the tea is very complicated. Tea St. Lu Yu in his "tea by four devices" lists a total of 28 kinds of tea sets. In addition to commonly used tea, tea, tea storage tea, as well as used to crush tea tea: tea grind and tea Luo.
Tea grind for grinding tea tools. There are wooden tea mills and stone tea mills. Wooden tea grind made of hard, fine and odorless wood. The best for orange wood, times for pear wood, mulberry, Paulownia and so on. This kind of wooden tea mill consists of "rice pan" and "mill falling". Nianpan shape Quartet, the middle of empty into a round hole, just to accommodate "fall." Rolling down is a log, in the middle of the wheel. Grind tea with hand-held shaft rotation grind down, by crushing down and rolling between the squeeze to crush tea cakes.
Tea that is "sieve", tea Sheng Lu Yu called "Luo together." Luo Luo Luo circle is made of bamboo or fir bake bent, lap painted on the surface paint. Luo face is made of fine silk. Luo (sieve) tea, to be covered, so as not to drift off the tea end. Tea Luo Lo Luo Song Dynasty, elegant made of gold and silver, Luo face is made of Sichuan silk goose fine silk made. At that time, tea-makers, use more tea grind and tea Luo from Rolling.
Since Tang and Song Dynasties, tea sets according to their different textures, can be divided into clay tea sets. Porcelain tea sets, lacquer tea sets, metal tea sets. Glass tea sets, bamboo tea sets and so on. In the Song Dynasty, porcelain tea production exceptionally prosperous, there have been various styles of porcelain tea sets. Famous porcelain kilns at that time were: Hangzhou kilns. Zhejiang Longquan Gekio, Henan Luzhou kiln, Henan Luzhou kiln, Hebei Dingzhou Ding kiln and other five famous kiln. The development of tea ware in China has always been related to the development of ceramics.
Tang and Song Dynasties because of the use of decoction tea, so Jianshui more metal products, and to "gold and silver as excellent", but also to "tea bottle" Jianshui, also known as "Jianshui bottles."
With the changes of tea making and tea drinking styles, the tea cakes were crushed and decocted from the Tang and Song dynasties to the "loose strips" (also called " Steamed green bars ") decoction, to the Ming Dynasty when the "steamed green" further changed to "fried green", tea drinking method also changed from boiled to soaked drinks. Therefore, besides the original tea pods and teacups, the tea ware was used in the Ming dynasty for the sake of tea. From then on, teapots and pots became the most basic tea wares.
Paying attention to the Ming and Qing Dynasties Qingchao elaborate workmanship, pay attention to decoration, tea culture has become increasingly strong. Qing Dynasty, tea production is even more into the colorful, unprecedented era. The main materials for making tea sets, pottery tea sets and porcelain tea sets further developed into two major series, the world famous Jingdezhen porcelain and Yixing purple clay pottery.
Chinese tea set develops and innovates in the long history of the river, its artistry is continuously enhanced, with a high aesthetic value. In the process of tea tasting, people appreciate all kinds of tea utensils at the same time, which becomes a natural derivative of tea and becomes a warm and pleasing aesthetic process.