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Ancient Europeans love Chinese Ceramic

- Mar 22, 2018 -


In ordinary people’s daily life, use porcelain to serve food, and use bamboo bowls made of bamboo or eucalyptus to serve food, or simply simmer rice by hand and cover rice with broad leaves. Which is more civilized? Obviously, porcelain is the best choice.

When Marco Polo, who visited the Yuan Dynasty, returned to his hometown in Europe, he said that the Chinese would make the mud a crystal bowl and a bowl of crystal bowls, and they would be able to draw beautiful designs. People thought he was editing the book. "The Arabian Nights", but when they really saw and used porcelain, they were impressed and intoxicated. From the Song Dynasty onwards, blue-and-white porcelain produced in China has reached the realm of crystal clearness and warmth. The Ming and Qing dynasties were more light and thin, such as egg shells, and painted in fine art. They were exported to overseas and were regarded as “platinum” by Europeans.

At that time, royal families in European countries were fighting for wealth. At that time, Chinese porcelain was popular in Europe. They competed to use the palace's luxury to gain diplomatic reputation. The palace's daily use and court layout were all glorious with porcelain. As a result, a large quantity of Chinese porcelain was bought at the price of gold over the match. A 1.2-foot blue and white multicolored dish was worth tens of thousands of dollars. They were very surprised how the Chinese people burned the clay into "white jade." In the period of the Ming and Qing dynasties, in order to meet this need, the Chinese government also specially organized special forces to burn high-grade “export porcelain” and ship it to Europe. The Swedish royal family only imported large quantities of Chinese silk, tea, and porcelain from 1731 to 1789. It was only 50 million pieces of porcelain, and it was described as “pursuing its treasury to purchase porcelain”. In 1740, a Chinese cargo ship was loaded with silk tea porcelain and arrived in Northern Europe after a year and four months. It unfortunately sank 100 kilometers off the coast of Gothenburg in Sweden. After being salvaged, the Swedish royal family set up a “Wreck Ship Museum” to display the exquisite porcelain and is still being visited. At the time of Qianlong, he also specially ordered large quantities of porcelain for Europeans and hired Europeans to come to China to design their decorative patterns. This European-style Chinese porcelain can now be seen in European related museums. Later, the German king decided to burn his own country because of the state treasury, but he could not master the formula and the heat for a long time. For a long time, he could not burn Chinese-style porcelain. Later, a Dutch citizen finally succeeded in imitation, and he became popular. All this shows that Chinese culture has had a great influence on European life from the material level. At the same time, it also changed the European concept of art from a spiritual perspective. The prevailing Rococo art benefited from it. It is vivid, beautiful, natural, and vivid, and it is easy to cause people's whimsy and art hallucinations.

The European royal family scrambled to purchase the porcelain doufu, so that the Qianlong emperor had to personally organize specialized talents, and he directly directed the production of patterns and designs favored by Westerners for the “export of pastel porcelain”. Each of the famous European museums has a number of "town hall porcelains," which are mostly special export products during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They were acquired at high prices.