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Ceramic Culture Development History

- Jan 12, 2018 -

As early as a century ago in Europe to master the porcelain technology, China has been able to create a very beautiful porcelain. From the history of China's ceramic development, the general is divided into two categories of pottery and porcelain. The carcass is not dense sintered clay and porcelain stone products, collectively referred to as pottery. One of the higher firing temperature, a better degree of sintering that part of the sub-called "hard pottery", a glaze called "glazed pottery." The high-temperature firing, the degree of sintering of the matrix is more compact, good quality glaze clay or porcelain products called "porcelain." The development of traditional Chinese ceramics has experienced a rather long historical period, with various types and special processes. Therefore, the classification of traditional Chinese ceramics needs to be integrated with the conventional customary classification methods in addition to the technical hard indicators, Understanding of the changes in order to draw conclusions more effectively.


From the legendary Yellow Emperor Yao and Shun until the Xia Dynasty (about 21st Century BC - 16th century BC), is based on painted pottery to mark its development. Among them are the more typical Yangshao culture, the later Majiayao and Qijia culture found in Gansu, among others.


In Xi'an Banpo prehistoric sites unearthed a large number of beautifully made colored pottery, it is amazing. For thousands of years, besides the daily dining utensils, the things used in sacrificial ceremonies have greatly developed. From the Han Dynasty between 206 BC and 220 AD, the materials of creation of artists and artisans were no longer mainly jade and metal, but the ceramics were given more precise attention. During this period, the art of burning has developed. The glazed pottery, which has a relatively firm appearance, has appeared universally. The word "porcelain" began to appear in Chinese characters. At the same time, through the trade routes between Xinjiang and Persia to Syria, China began contacts with the Roman Empire to promote the exchange of Eastern and Western cultures. From this period, the influence of external influences can also be seen.


In the period of the Six Dynasties (220 AD - 581 AD), the rapid rise of Buddhist art also exerted a corresponding influence on ceramics, leaving clear traces on the style of the works. In 581 the Sui dynasty seized power and ended a long period of north-south separatism, but it was ruled by the Tang only to 618 AD. Sui Dynasty porcelain also began to rise in the city.